The oldest part of the house seems to have been at the front (Croydon Road) side which was mostly outside the 2012 trench. We therefore plan to dig a large new trench 6m by 9m on the south side of last years main trench. We aim to excavate the 19th century demolition deposits and expose the foundations of the earlier building. We hope that this will produce more information on the early history of the house.
Sunday 14 July 2013 (Report 1)
Today we set out the trench, erected the fence around it, took the turf off and began the removal of the top soil. I was not expecting any significant finds today and there probably won’t be much tomorrow. I am hoping things will get more interesting on Wednesday.
Monday 15 July 2013 (Report 2)
We have continued with the removal of the top soil at a rather slow pace dictated by the heat. The deposit is not yet fully excavated but part of a brick foundation has emerged. This is more or less where I expected to find the south wall of the house but we need to see more to be certain. Work continues tomorrow.
Tuesday 16 July 2013 (Report 3)
Slow progress in the heat. At the end of the day we have still not cleared the top soil.
Wednesday 17 July 2013 (Report 4)
At the end of the day we finally finished clearing the top soil. The floor of the trench is now covered with a mass of demolition rubble. We will start excavating this tomorrow and things should get more interesting. We found two pieces of flecked tin glazed tile of late 16th or early 17th century date. They are similar to the ones we found last year although the pattern differs slightly.
The Portioner’s house stood in what is now Beddington Park to the west of Church Road, east of Croydon Road and south of the new graveyard. The house took its name from the Portioner – a priest who was entitled to the tithes of the manor or sub-manor of Huscarl’s within Beddington parish. The last Portioner was appointed in the mid-sixteenth century and the Portionary tithes passed into the hands of the Carew family who were lords of all the Beddington manors. At some point the house became the rectory. In the late eighteenth century the rector successfully sued the trustees of the Carew estate for the tithes of the Portion but he lost control of the house which returned the Carews. They then let it to two successive tenants until it was demolished about 1843.
There is some evidence to suggest that there was a significant medieval house on the site but little is known about the building before the early nineteenth century. The excavation here proposed is a limited evaluation which aims to uncover parts of the foundations to throw light on its structural history.
The full details of this excavation are contained in the following PDF files. Please click the links below to view.
The Carshalton and District History and Archaeology Society carried out an excavation on the site of the Portioner’s house in Beddington Park, London Borough of Sutton.
The 2012 excavation showed that a house of medieval or early modern date was extended northwards in the eighteenth century, probably by the addition of a second pile to the back. The extension appears to have been of brick but the earlier building was probably timber framed and was faced in yellow painted roughcast in the late eighteenth or early nineteenth century.
There was a cellar in the southeast corner of the trench to which a passage had been added to provide access from the eighteenth century extension. Cellars were not common in medieval houses but were often added in the seventeenth century and it is likely that the Portionary cellar conforms to this pattern.
The demolition rubble included a small quantity of moulded and painted plaster, rough cast, cement render, Reigate stone, floor tile, broken wine bottles set in mortar and other material which throws light on the history and state of building.